Foot and ankle fractures can occur because of a wide variety of circumstances. While you may not think that this part of your body is more susceptible to injury, oddly enough, foot and ankle fractures are among the most frequent problems dealt with by podiatrists. Professional athletes and weekend warriors alike may be more susceptible to this type of fracture due to the constant stress and physical demands of their activity. Even everyday exercise routines and unfortunate accidents produce some broken bones now and then.
The degree and location of the force applied to the ankle and foot bones determine how and where it will break.
Different types of bone fractures
Bone fractures can be characterized as either “acute” or “stress” related.
Acute bone fractures
These fractures are the result of extreme force and pressure and include an actual break to the bone that is either partial or complete and usually requires foot or ankle surgery to repair.
The different types of acute fractures include the following:
● A greenstick fracture—this occurs when the bone is bent, but not broken all the way.
● A buckle fracture—this results when the compression of two bones drive into each other.
● A growth plate fracture—occurs at the joint and can result in shorter bone length if not properly monitored and treated.
● A comminuted fracture—the bone is shattered into multiple pieces.
● An oblique fracture—this is a diagonal fracture.
● A transverse fracture—this is a horizontal fracture.
● A stabilized fracture—when the ends of the bones are barely out of place, the fracture is stable and easily treated.
● A compound fracture—when the bone cuts through the skin it is a compound fracture. This is the most complicated type to treat since infections are more likely to occur, and will require surgery.
Cracks and small fissures that can develop over a period of time will result in a stress fracture. These occur from the repeated stress of physical activity seen in sports and work environments. People who suffer from weakened bone structure due to osteoporosis and other systemic illnesses are also more likely to experience a stress fracture.
If you have suffered a fracture to your foot or ankle, it is always best to get help from a foot care specialist to ensure the proper identification and treatment of your injury, and we highly recommend that you consult with our board-certified podiatrists Andrew Shapiro, DPM and Michael Barkin, DPM. With access to advanced technologies, along with years of experience to help diagnose and treat a variety of foot and ankle problems, we can assist you with heel pain, ankle sprains, diabetic foot care, toe deformities, nail fungus, and skin problems, among many other conditions. Our practice is conveniently located on West Merrick Road in Valley Stream to accommodate all of your foot care needs. Call (516) 825-3860 or book an appointment online today!